patrick library web 1

Dr Patrick Carvalho

Former Research Fellow

Dr Patrick Carvalho is a Research Fellow at The New Zealand Initiative, with extensive international experience in public policy across academia, public organisations and private sector.

Prior to immigrating to New Zealand, Dr Carvalho worked as the Head of the Economic Studies Division at the Federation of Industries of Rio de Janeiro, producing research on fiscal and monetary matters, and as a Research Fellow at The Centre for Independent Studies in Sydney, where he focused on industrial relations and competition policy. More recently, Dr Carvalho was a Director at a Washington, D.C.-based consultancy advising the U.S. Federal Administration on the challenges of demographic shifts to economic prosperity.

Dr Carvalho has Bachelor of Law degree from Rio de Janeiro’s State University, a Master’s in political science from the University of Wollongong, and a PhD in economics from the Australian National University, where he also worked as a lecturer in macroeconomic policy.

Latest reports:
Pricing Out Congestion: Experiences from abroad (28 January 2020)
The Price is Right: The road to a better transport system (5 November 2019)
Policy Point: The Pitfalls of CGT (February 2019)
Submission: Local Government Funding and Financing (February 2019) 

Phone: 04 494 9101


Recent Work

Trump building

In the US should we trust?

As of this week, the American economy has been growing for 121 months, the longest since records began in 1854. On the back of it, the global economy – including New Zealand’s – has been sailing through calm waters. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
The National Business Review
2 August, 2019
windy road

We all want safer roads

The government has released its Road to Zero consultation document, laying out a Vision Zero approach aiming for “no one is killed or seriously injured in road crashes”. A zero-road toll pledge may be a good soundbite, but not a good policy prescription. While we all want safer roads, an inconvenient truth is that not all crashes are preventable and, sadly, sometimes human mistakes do cost lives. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
26 July, 2019
Wellington cablecar

Allowing growth to pay for itself

Can local community growth pay for itself? In other words, can economic growth itself pay for the community’s required infrastructure expansion (e.g. from revamped wastewater and drinking water networks to the proper provision of local amenities and safer roads)? Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
12 July, 2019
Speed limit

Buckle up for the speed-limit debate

New Zealand has to slow down. At least, that was the overall message from the NZ Transport Agency’s Mega Maps data released this week. According to the online interactive tool assessing road trip risks, 95 percent of the country's 100 km/h roads should have a lower speed limit – with two-thirds of them slowing down to 60 km/h. “We need to hit speed hard”, said Niclas Johansson, NZTA's acting director of safety and environment. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
7 June, 2019

Patrick Carvalho discusses lowering the speed limits

The Government is not considering lowering the speed limits on most major roads, despite new evidence showing around 87 percent of speed limits are too high for the conditions. But is it that simple: reducing the road toll by lowering the speed limits? Patrick Carvalho discusses this topic with Heather du Plessis-Allan on Newstalk ZB. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Heather du Plessis-Allan Drive - Newstalk ZB
5 June, 2019

The time is ripe for road pricing in New Zealand

“With a little ingenuity, it is possible to devise methods of charging for the use of the city streets that are capable of adjusting the charge in close conformity with variations in costs and traffic conditions,” wrote William Vickrey, Nobel Laureate and the father of road pricing theory, in 1963. Little did he know that it would take more than 50 years for the technology to catch up to his vision. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Logistics and Transport NZ, The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport
5 June, 2019

A penny for your thoughts

Once upon a time, the pursuit of happiness was a personal duty. Not anymore. We now have politicians ready to nudge us in the right direction. Earlier this month, a group of British MPs made a formal proposal to charge shoppers an extra penny to use self-checkout machines. This policy, so they promised, would “counteract potential damage caused by a lack of everyday contact between people”. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
31 May, 2019
social media buttons

Fighting the whack-a-mole online battle

Last week, a group of 17 countries along with leading social media platforms signed Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s Christchurch Call “to eliminate terrorist and violent extremist content online”.The non-binding three-page document is inspiringly pragmatic, combining aspirational actions without falling for heavy-handed (and misguided) regulations.Kudos to the international initiative. There is indeed much to celebrate about such a concerted effort against the spread of online radicalism.But we must not lose sight of the implementation hurdles ahead – and keep working for... Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
24 May, 2019

Free is expensive

Readers of The New Zealand Herald should welcome its recent introduction of a $5-weekly subscription to access premium content. So should non-readers. If successful, New Zealand will benefit from an additional stream of high-quality journalism worth paying for. As the global spread of media paywalls attests, informative and accurate online news is hard to produce solely via advertisement sales. (For one, robust analyses on politics, economics, and current affairs are not as “clickable” as homemade cat videos and tabloid stories.)... Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
10 May, 2019

Pricing our way out

This year’s close alignment of Easter and Anzac public holidays translated into 10 days of joy, family time and… congestion – with the New Zealand Traffic Agency (NZTA) issuing multiple heavy traffic warnings across the nation. Unfortunately, traffic jams are not restricted to holiday seasons in New Zealand. Widespread congestion in our urban centres is the new normal all year round, clogging “the lifeblood of community and commerce”. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
26 April, 2019
Time deadline2

Schrodinger’s Brexit soap opera

Saturday morning, reading the news, sipping the first coffee of the day in my sunlit balcony: Life is good and simple. Until I remembered my promise to take my daughter shopping for a new unicorn doll that morning. – “Let’s go, daddy!” – “Yes, sweetheart. We are leaving. Just hold on a bit,” I said, trying to buy some time. – “Dad, stop Brexiting. Let’s just get out already!” All right. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
12 April, 2019

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